Kim SH, Park BY, Byeon K, et al. The effects of high-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on resting-state functional connectivity in obese adults. Diabetes Obes Metab. 2019 Aug;21(8):1956-1966. doi: 10.1111/dom.13763. Epub 2019 Jun 10. (Original study)

AIMS: We conducted a 4-week randomized, sham-controlled, single-blind, parallel-group trial to examine the effect of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) delivered to the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) on functional brain connectivity and body weight in adults with obesity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 45 volunteers with obesity, aged between 18 and 70 years (body mass index [BMI] =25 kg/m2 according to the obesity criterion for an Asian population), 36 participants (54.1 ± 11.0 years, BMI 30.2 ± 3.5 kg/m2 , 77.8% female) completed the 4 weeks of follow-up, undergoing two resting state fMRI scans (20 in the real stimulation group and 16 in the sham stimulation group). A total of eight sessions of high-frequency rTMS targeting the left DLPFC were provided over a period of 4 weeks (5-second trains with 25-second inter-train intervals, 10 Hz, 110% motor threshold; 2000 pulses over 20 minutes).

RESULTS: Participants in the real stimulation group showed significantly greater weight loss from baseline following the eight session of rTMS (-2.53 ± 2.41 kg vs 0.38 ± 1.13 kg, P < 0.01). For intrinsic brain connectivity comparisons, the between-ness centrality values within the right frontoparietal network tended to increase with rTMS, and a significant interaction effect was identified for time (pre vs post) × rTMS (real vs sham) in the right frontoparietal network (P = 0.031, FDR corrected).

CONCLUSIONS: We observed that rTMS selectively increased resting state functional connectivity within the right frontoparietal network. Our findings suggest that high-frequency rTMS to the left DLPFC might strengthen the frontoparietal network that orchestrates top-down inhibitory control to reduce food intake.

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Weight loss is not remarkably huge. Diet and exercise could make you lose more weight.
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