This 12-week study evaluated the efficacy and safety of capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo patch in painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (PDPN). Patients aged 18 years or older with PDPN were randomized (1:1) to one 30-minute treatment (capsaicin 8% patch or placebo patch) to painful areas of the feet. Overall, 369 patients were randomized (capsaicin 8% patch, n = 186; placebo patch, n = 183). Percentage reduction in average daily pain score from baseline to between weeks 2 through 8 (the primary end point) was statistically significant for capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo (-27.4% vs -20.9%; P = .025); improvements in pain were observed from week 2 onward. Versus placebo, patients treated with capsaicin 8% patch had a shorter median time to treatment response (19 vs 72 days) and modest improvements in sleep interference scores from baseline to between weeks 2 through 8 (P = .030) and weeks 2 through 12 (P = .020). Apart from application site reactions, treatment-emergent adverse events were similar between groups. No indications of deterioration in sensory perception of sharp, cold, warm, or vibration stimuli were observed. In patients with PDPN, capsaicin 8% patch treatment provided modest pain relief and sleep quality improvements versus a placebo patch, similar in magnitude to other treatments with known efficacy, but without systemic side effects or sensory deterioration.
PERSPECTIVE: To our knowledge, this is the first study of the capsaicin 8% patch versus placebo in patients with PDPN to show that one 30-minute capsaicin treatment provides modest improvements in pain and sleep quality. Results confirm the clinical utility of the capsaicin 8% patch in the diabetic population.
This study investigate the use of capsaicin 8% patch in the treatment of PDPN in comparison of placebo. Beneficial effects were achieved with capsaicin patch treatment using pain score machine.
This is an industry funded study with modest impact and follow-up to only 12 weeks. However, strong placebo effect suggests adequate blinding. It could be useful information for patients who don't tolerate other treatments.