AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To uncover what is known about nurse-led models or interventions that have integrated palliative care into the care of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a highly symptomatic, incurable disease characterised by chronic symptoms that without appropriate palliation can lead to unnecessary suffering for patients and their caregivers. While palliative care practices can relieve suffering and improve quality of life, most palliative models of care remain cancer-focused. New models, including nurse-led care that integrates palliative care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, could address patient suffering and therefore need to be explored.
METHOD: A mixed-studies integrative review was undertaken. Seven databases were searched for articles published between 2008-2018. The PRISMA framework was applied to the search, and six studies met the review eligibility criteria. Content analysis of the articles was undertaken, and data were compared, looking for different nurse-led models and outcomes related to palliative care in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
RESULTS: Nurse-led, integrated palliative care models for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are rare and just four of the six articles found in this review had published results. Advance care planning was found to be the most common focus for nurse-led interventions in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and in all cases, results demonstrated an improvement in end-of-life discussions and completion of advance care directives. Of the reviewed articles, none used a qualitative framework to explore nurse-led models that integrated palliative care in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
CONCLUSION: While nurse-led advance care planning was one type of palliative care practice associated with positive patient outcomes, there is a need for deeper exploration of nurse-led models that holistically address the bio-psycho-social-spiritual needs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and their caregivers.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Integrating nurse-led supportive care clinics into chronic obstructive pulmonary disease services could be a way forward to address the unmet bio-psycho-social-spiritual needs of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and their caregivers.
Not much to see here.
This review of nurse-led models of palliative care for patients with COPD demonstrated that there was little supporting literature. The idea that palliative care is helpful in chronic disease makes sense, but the literature of any palliative care model, let alone nurse-led models is sparse. More research is needed to confirm the value in patient management.